### Super Science Friends: how to save Newton

There is a new animated series in the city(1): Super Science Friends. Created by Brett Jubinville of Tinman Creative Studios, it was funded the first short through Kickstarter, while the rest of the episodes can be supported on Patreon.
The series is evidently inspired by Super Friends, produced by Hanna-Barbera for DC Comics, with the place of the heroes of JLA taken by some iconic scientists: Marie Curie, with a radioactive ring similar to Green Lantern’s one; Charles Darwin, able to transform into any animal, like Beast Boy from the Teen Titans; Nikola Tesla, with electromagnetic powers, like Magneto from Marvel universe, historical X-Men enemy; Sigmund Freud, father of psychoanalysis with oversight of lust, to be seen as an alternative to Aquaman with his oversight of aquatic creatures.

### Star Trek Network

Using data from tv series and movie, Star Trek Viz relizes some network plots with the connections between the characters of one of the most famous sci-fi serie.

### Four all new exotic particles

LHCb has recently observed four new exotic-like particles in the decay of the $B^+$:
he properties of these structures are consistent with their interpretation as four-quark particles, which are considered as "exotic", (hence the "exotic-like" name in the title), although the details of the four quark $c{\bar c}s{\bar s}$ binding mechanism is still under discussion.
Read also paper 1 and paper 2

### Juno: Journey into the unknown

The Juno Mission is travelling in space and it'll arrive near Jupiter today. Waiting this new space event, watch the trailer of the mission:

### The Newton Medal is (bit) late

I think there is a subtle black humor in the 2016 Isaac Newton Medal, that was awarded by Tom Kibble:
The award is recognition of his contributions to mankind through his insight into the origins of mass and also through establishing astroparticle physics as a new branch of physics.
Kibble died on the 2nd June 2016 and he cannot retire the prize, but in every case we can remember his most important contribution, Global Conservation Laws and Massless Particles with Gerald Guralnik and Carl Richard Hagen about the Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism:
An intersting reading about the story behind the paper is The History of the Theory of the Spontaneous Breaking by Guralnik:
Shortly thereafter, as we were literally placing the manuscript in the envelope to be sent to PRL, Kibble came into the office bearing two papers by Higgs and the one by Englert and Brout. These had just arrived in the then very slow and unreliable (because of strikes and the peculiarities of Imperial College) mail. We were very surprised and even amazed. We had no idea that there was any competing interest in the problem, particularly outside of the United States. Hagen and I quickly glanced at these papers and thought that, while they aimed at the same point, they did not form a serious chall enge to our work.

G. S. Guralnik, C. R. Hagen, T. W. B. Kibble, 1964, 'Global Conservation Laws and Massless Particles', Physical Review Letters, vol. 13, no. 20, pp. 585-587 http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.13.585 (sci-hib)
Gerald S. Guralnik, 2009, The History of the Guralnik, Hagen and Kibble development of the Theory of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and Gauge Particles, International Journal of Modern Physics A, vol. 24, no. 14, pp. 2601-2627 http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/s0217751x09045431 (arXiv)

### Another bit of gravity

After the first detection of gravitational waves from merged black holes, LIGO detected a new signal:
The two LIGO gravitational wave detectors in Hanford Washington and Livingston Louisiana have caught a second robust signal from two black holes in their final orbits and then their coalescence into a single black hole. This event, dubbed GW151226, was seen on December 26th at 03:38:53 (in Universal Coordinated Time, also known as Greenwich Mean Time), near the end of LIGO's first observing period ("O1"), and was immediately nicknamed "the Boxing Day event".
A paper (pdf) about this observation was published on Physical Review Letters:
The inferred component masses are consistent with values dynamically measured in x-ray binaries, but are obtained through the independent measurement process of gravitational-wave detection. Although it is challenging to constrain the spins of the initial black holes, we can conclude that at least one black hole had spin greater than 0.2. These recent detections in Advanced LIGO's first observing period have revealed a population of binary black holes that heralds the opening of the field of gravitational-wave astronomy.
About the first observation, GW150914, you can read Binary Black Hole Mergers in the first Advanced LIGO Observing Run and Dynamical formation of the GW150914 binary black hole (sci-hub) (or Black hole pairs spat out of mosh pits make gravitational waves).

### How to produce stationary wave fields

A cylindrical surface of stationary light from
Zamboni-Rached, M., Recami, E., & Hernández-Figueroa, H. (2005). Theory of "frozen waves": modeling the shape of stationary wave fields Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 22 (11) DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.22.002465 (arXiv)
On the 15th december, 2005, was published an interesting patent (I found it via Research Gate), Method and apparatus for producing stationary intense wave fields of arbitrary shape by Erasmo Recami, Michel Rached Zamboni, Hugo Enrique Ernandez Figueros, Valerio Abate, Cesar Augusto Dartora, Kleber Suza Nobrega, Marco Mattiuzzi:
Method for producing a stationary wave field of arbitrary shape comprising the steps of defining at least one volume being limited in the direction of the axis of propagation of a beam, of the type $0 \leq z \leq L$; defining an intensity pattern within the said region $0 \leq z \leq L$ by a function $F(z)$, describing the said localized and stationary intensity pattern, which is approximated by means of a Fourier expansion or by a similar expansion in terms of (trigonometric) orthogonal functions; providing a generic superposition of Bessel or other beams highly transversally confined; calculating the maximum number of superimposed Bessel beams the amplitudes, the phase velocities and the relative phases of each Bessel beam of the superposition, and the transverse and longitudinal wavenumbers of each Bessel beam of the superposition.
The invention is based on the following theoretical papers: